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Understanding the Dangers of Working at Height

Working at height is a common task in various industries, ranging from construction and maintenance to telecommunications and transportation. While it may seem like a routine part of the job, working at height comes with inherent risks that can pose serious threats to workers’ health and safety. As a leading occupational health service provider, we at Healthscreen understand the importance of addressing these risks to protect workers. In this blog post, we will delve into the common risks associated with working at height and discuss the measures employers and workers can take to manage these risks effectively.

Common Risks

One of the major risks of working at height is falls. According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the UK, falls from height continue to be a leading cause of workplace fatalities and serious injuries. Slippery surfaces, uneven footing, inadequate edge protection, and improper use of equipment can all increase the risk of falls. Falling objects from height also pose a significant risk to workers and those below.

Construction workers helping an injured colleague

Health Hazards

In addition to the risk of falls, working at height can also have adverse effects on workers’ health. Musculoskeletal injuries, such as strains and sprains, are common due to the physical demands of working with heavy equipment and tools. Workers may also be exposed to respiratory hazards, such as dust and fumes, which can lead to respiratory illnesses. Extreme weather conditions, such as cold temperatures or high winds, can also impact workers’ health and safety, leading to hypothermia, frostbite, or other weather-related conditions.

Legal and Regulatory Considerations

In the UK, there are strict legal and regulatory requirements related to working at height. The Work at Height Regulations 2005, enforced by the HSE, outline the duties of employers, employees, and self-employed individuals to ensure the safety of workers engaged in work at height. These regulations mandate the need for proper planning, organisation, and training to manage the risks associated with this. Employers are responsible for providing adequate equipment, training, and supervision, while workers have a duty to follow safe work procedures and use equipment correctly.


Risk Assessment and Control Measures

A crucial aspect of managing the risks of working at height is conducting a thorough risk assessment before starting any work. This involves identifying potential hazards, evaluating the severity and likelihood of risks, and implementing appropriate control measures. Control measures may include fall protection systems, such as guardrails, safety nets, or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS), as well as proper equipment maintenance, regular inspections, and training for workers.

Training and Education for Workers

Comprehensive training and education are essential for workers engaged in work at height. Employers should provide adequate training on equipment use, hazard identification, emergency procedures, and personal protective measures. Workers should be educated on the importance of following safe work practices, reporting any hazards or incidents, and seeking medical assistance in case of any health concerns. Regular refresher training should also be provided to ensure that workers stay updated with the latest best practices and regulations related to working at height.

Role of Occupational Health Providers

Occupational health service providers, such as Healthscreen, play a vital role in managing the risks associated with working at height. They can assist employers in assessing and mitigating the health hazards of working at height, conducting health assessments, and implementing health surveillance programs to monitor workers’ health. Occupational health providers can also offer health promotion programmes, such as ergonomic assessments, fitness for work assessments, and mental health support, to promote the overall well-being of workers engaged in work at height.


Working at height poses significant risks to workers’ health and safety, and it is crucial for employers and workers to understand and manage these risks effectively. Compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, conducting thorough risk assessments, implementing appropriate control measures, and engaging the services of occupational health providers can all contribute to ensuring the well-being of workers engaged in work at height. By prioritising health and safety measures, employers can create a safer working environment and protect the health and well-being of their workers.

As a leading occupational health service provider in the UK, Healthscreen is committed to assisting employers in managing the risks associated with working at height. Our comprehensive services, including health assessments, health surveillance, and expert advice help employers ensure the health and safety of their workers. Click here to contact us today!

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